All About the Kruger National Park

Explore open grasslands filled with the Big Five and other game wildlife creatures like birds, zebras, and more when going on a safari through the famous Kruger National Park. Filled with sunny skies and tranquil weather, you’ll absolutely experience the true African landscape.

Quick Facts

First Warden

James Stevenson-Hamilton (1902)


19,633 km² (7,580 miles²)

Famous Animals

Big Five


summer rainfall

Quick History

This extraordinary park has a rich history within the 19,633 km² area.

In 1884, Paul Kruger–President of the Transvaal–saw a need for the Lowveld animals to be protected. However, his plan couldn’t become a reality yet as the area between the Crocodile Rivers and the Sabie was open for restricted hunting. Finally, in 1898, the president’s vision became a reality and the park was established as the Sabie Game Reserve–later renamed to Kruger National Park in 1926.

In 1902, the park’s first warden was James Stevenson-Hamilton, born in 1867. The park’s early days can be found within the Stevenson-Hamilton Memorial Library.

Some evidence which can be found in the park:

  • Artifacts from the Stone Age
  • Evidence of Bushman Folk
  • Evidence of Iron Age People
  • Evidence of Homo erectus


The Kruger has summer rainfall and visitors can experience heavy downpours during these warm months.

During October to April, the park is hot and tranquil. Its winters are mild and warm, however, visitors going on a night-drive will need warm clothing to escape the colder temperatures.

If you’re interested in the park’s Meteorological Records, have a look here.


The Big Five

When people talk about the big five in Africa, they are explicitly referring to the lion, leopard, rhino, Cape buffalo, and the African Elephant.

These animals are dangerous because they are incredibly unpredictable, very intelligent, are masters of camouflage, and can be very aggressive. Many of them travel in large groups, making them even more deadly.

Many of these beasts are listed as endangered or vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, but of all the Big Five animals, the rhino is the most endangered.

The Little Five

We all know about the Big Five by now, but do you know who the Little Five are? The Little Five includes game animals such as the:

Elephant Shrew (Elephantulus myurus)
Mostly found in arid lowlands and rocky outcrops, the Elephant Shrew has an elongated snout and can grow a length of up to 250 mm. These insectivores feed on insects, seeds, nuts, and fruit.

Ant Lion (Myrmeleontidae)
A familiar creature in the bushveld, seen digging in soft sand to trap and eat its prey, ants. In its advanced stage, the Ant Lion has wings and can sometimes look like a dragonfly.

Rhinoceros Beetle (Scarabaeinae dynastinae)
One of the largest beetles located in Southern Africa, the Rhinoceros Beetle has horns on its head which they use to climb, dig, and mate.

Buffalo Weaver (Bubarlornis niger)
If the Buffalo Weaver sounds like a buffalo but smaller, you’re wrong. These busy social birds build their nests in tall trees and are known to be rather noisy creatures. Their nests are mostly made of coarse grass and untidy twigs.

Leopard Tortoise (Geochelone pardalis)
Such a funny name for this animal, but the Leopard Tortoise gets its name from its shell covered in black and yellow spots. As one of the largest breeds of tortoise in the world, the tortoise can weigh over 23 kilograms. Males are generally larger than females and their shell circumference can grow up to one metre.

If you’re an avid traveller seeking to experience Africa’s well-known Big Five, Kruger National Park is the place to be. With over 1,500 lions, 48,000 buffalo, 1,000 leopards, and 17,000 elephants, you’re bound to see a handful of these majestic animals.

If you’re not part of the group who wishes to catch a glimpse of the Big Five, there are plenty of other mammals to watch out for. You’ll be able to spot hippos, zebra, giraffes, warthogs, and numerous antelope species.

Plant Life

The Kruger National Park has tremendous diversity in plant life. The park can be divided into 16 macro ecozones. The northern section of the park is consumed by mopane veld while the south is thornveld.

Some plant life found in the park include Baobab, Fever-Tree (Vachellia xanthophloea), Red Bushwillow, Delagoa Thorn, Marula, Mopane, and so many others.

Kruger National Park has around 336 species of trees, which include protected trees such as Adansonia digitata, Boscia albitrunca, and Afzelia quanzensis, to name a few. The park also contains around 34 amphibian species, 507 bird species, and 114 reptile species.

Malaria Dangers

According to the park, there has been an increase in the number of Malaria diagnosis, so visitors must take caution when visiting the national park.

Kruger National Park is one of two– the other one being Mapungubwe National Park–national parks which are considered malaria-risk areas, however the risk is usually low.

What is Malaria?

Malaria is a disease transmitted through the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito. Between November and April is considered the highest risk period for being infected by the virus.

During the incubation period, an individual bitten by an infected mosquito may not show symptoms of the disease for 12 to 35 days.

Symptoms of Malaria

Some symptoms of the disease include:

  • Fever
  • Sweating
  • Headaches or body aches
  • Chills
  • Tiredness
  • Stomach issues such as Diarrhea or belly pain
    Yellow skin (also called Jaundice)
  • Coughing
  • Fast breathing or quick heart rate

Severe symptoms of Malaria include:

  • Hallucinations
  • Seizures
  • Bloody urine
  • Confusion

Most mosquitoes won’t carry the parasite and if you’re bitten, it doesn’t guarantee you will be infected with Malaria.

Park Fees

Naturally, to help ensure the park is taken care of, Kruger National Park has daily conservation and entry fees for all visitors.

Would You Like a Safari Through Kruger National Park?

Heading to South Africa’s famous Kruger National Park, where we go in search of the “big five” and many other wildlife species. Get in touch with Africa Travel Co to go on an unforgettable African Safari.